Zhangjiajie National Park
Zhangjiajie National Park
Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is located in the southern part of the Wulingyuan Scenic Zone. The several thousand mountain peaks of quartz rise abruptly from the ground. Streams flow through the Jinbian (Gold Whip) Stream Grand Canyon which is flanked by sheer cliffs. The sightseeing platform at Huangshi Village is shrouded in mist. Wild animals play freely in the primeval forests. The scenic zone is like a fairy land with the beaury of wild nature.
In 1982, it was recognized as China's first national forest park (4,810 hectares). Zhangjiajie National Forest Park was designated a much larger (397.5 km²) Wulingyuan National Park by the State Council on August 1, 1988. In 1992, Wulingyuan National Park was officially recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was then approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources as Zhangjiajie Sandstone Peak Forest National Geopark (3,600 km²) in 2001. In 2004, Zhangjiajie Geopark was listed as a UNESCO Global Geopark.
Origin of the name
The National Forest Park had been given the name of Zhangjiajie after the name of a small village located within its bounds, and now a popular tourist attraction within the park. The three-character name can be interpreted as follows: Zhang is a common surname in China; Jia can be translated as family; and Jie can be translated as homeland, giving the completed translation of Zhang family homeland. It has been reported that at least one tourist guide has said that the name may have been chosen to convey the idea or impression of Open the family door to welcome the world, but this is not the locally-accepted and directly translated meaning of the name.
Golden Whip Stream
Located in the east of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park and named after the 380-meter high Golden Whip Rock, Golden Whip stream meanders 15 Li. Flowing from Laomo Gully first to Confluence of Four Rivers then to Suoxi Stream, it finally joins Li River, one of the four rivers in Hunan Province. It flows between steep grotesque peaks and luxuriant trees. Here, the meandering streams, the crystal-clear waterfalls, exotic plants and rare animals co-exist and constitute the extraordinarily beautiful, tranquil and natural ecological environment. No wonder it is called "the most beautiful valley in the world" and "the most poetic stream". The major scenic spots include Rock of Welcoming Guests, Golden Whip Rock, Reunion Rock and the Purple Grass Pond.
Huangshi Fort, named after a hermit Huangshi, is 1080m above sea level. It is higher on the south and elevated by stiff cliffs, covering an area of 16.5 hectors. It provides the largest collection of marvelous spectacles and also provides the larges sightseeing terrace above sea level in Zhangjiajie. The chief scenic spots include Treasure Box of Heavenly Books, the Magic Sea-suppressing Needle, the South Pillar of Heaven, the Golden Tortoise Watching the Sea and so on.
Yuanjjiajie Scenic Area
Yuanjjiajie Scenic Area
Yuanjiajie Scenic Area belongs to a part of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park. It situates in the code area of Wulingyuan Scenic Area as the main attraction in Zhangjiajie. Decorated by the world's most beautiful valley Golden Whip Valley, Yuanjiajie scenic area tells travelers what is a marvelous mountain in China.
Standing on the observation platform in Yuanjiajie, thousands of peaks can be caught at the same time. Peaks in various postures just look like countless brave men. Rock pillars with green trees just look like handsome generals. They describe a scene of army. Although these peaks are solid, they let people enter into a imaginary world and present a lively picture in the front of our eyes.
Only two ways lead to the Yuanjiajie Scenic Area. One is from the Golden Whip Stream via Luanchuanpo to the Back Garden; the other is the Bailong Elevator. By this super elevator, tourists can ascend on the top of a peak to get a commanding view of its famous scene - Shenbingjuhui (lit. God's Force Rally), the scene is also nicknamed the Fields and Gardens of the Heaven for its beautiful trees, ethnic houses and paddy fields on the high mountains.
Attractions in Yuanjiajie Scenic Area
► No. 1 Bridge
This bridge is crossing over two peaks with only 3 meters width and 50 meters length. This sky bridge is crated by the hand of nature.
► Hanging Waterfall
There is a waterfall flowing from a 200 height. It looks like a white silk that hanging from the sky. During the rainy days, people can see the rainbow across this waterfall. And during the flood season, it looks like a dragon flying in the sky.
► Imperial Garden
Imperial garden refers to the garden belonging to the Chinese emperor. In Yuanjiajie, people will find another imperial garden belonging to the God. When people find a giant rock which may block the way, just turn around it, and there is a marvelous scene behind it. About ten peaks are standing straightly, while green rivers are surrounding them.
► Fairyland Palace
Fairyland Palace is "built" according to the geography of the mountain. Surrounded by mist, this palace is a rocky courtyard.
► Wulong Spring
Wulong Spring is hidden in a cave. When entering the cave, the clean spring is presented to you. The karst stones which look like fish, tortoises, dragons, horses, etc are spreading in the bottle of the spring.
Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon
Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon
Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon is located in Cili County, Zhangjiajie, Hunan Province, China. It is quite closed to Zhangjiajie National Forest Park in Wulingyuang Scenic Area. Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon is a recently-developed natural wonderland that is famous for beautiful natural landscape and cultural sites. It incorporates green mountains, mild streams, intrigued caves, steep cliffs, and thick forest. Here is the museum of landform of Zhangjiajie. You can see the unique Karst topography scenery of the North Temperate Zone.
Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon set of mountains, water, hole in one, Zhangjiajie landscape museum, where you can watch the entire landscape of the north temperate zone karst topography. Canyon lush vegetation, fresh air, cool and comfortable,
The Glass Bridge of Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon
The glass-bottom bridge in Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon is the longest and highest glass-bottom bridge in the world. The bridge spans two cliffs in the Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon area. It stretches 430 meters (1,410 feet) long and 6 meters (20 feet) wide, hovering over a 300-meter (984-foot) vertical drop. The thrilling bridge is an architecture wonder designed by Israeli architect Haim Dotan. The bridge floor is all made up of transparent glass. Standing on the bridge, travelers can get a panoramic view of the majestic Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon under your feet. In the middle of the bridge, there is a bungee jump platform, where you can try the highest bungee jumping in the world. What an exciting experience.
Tianmen Mountain, located 8km away from Zhangjiajie City, is the highest mountain in Zhangjiajie. The world marvelous scene called Tianmen Cave, means a door to the heaven in Chinese, makes this mountain famous. The comparative plat mountain top, the well-preserved original forest, the rare plants and species, the natural bonsai in everywhere form into a splendid picture. People entitle this mountain as the most beautiful flower garden in the sky and the fairy land in the boundary of heaven.
For a long time, Mount Tianmen not only attracted attention because of its miraculous and unique geographic landform and unparalleled natural landscape, but it also became well-known for its profound cultural connotations and famous colorful humanistic site.
What to See in Tianmen Mountain
► Tianmen Cave
Tianmen cave the natural mountain-penetrating karst cave with the highest elevation in the world, hangs on the towering cliff. It is a natural water-eroded cave with the highest elevation in the world. It is actually a big hole in the mountain but people call it a cave and it has become a major attraction. In 1999, in an acrobatic show, three airplanes flew through it. The live telecast drew an estimated audience of 800 million people worldwide. The cave become the unique sight under heaven and breeds the profound and grand heaven culture of Fairy Mountain in the local area.
► Tianmen Mountain Cableway
Tianmen Mountain Cableway the longest passenger cableway in the world with a length of 7200 meters and a height gap of 1277 meters. It will give you an unforgettable memory in all your life. It is one of the few cable cars within China with a height gap over 1000 meters. The local gradient from the middle station to the upper station is as high as 37 degrees, which is rare in the world. It is the cableway with the largest local gradient as well as one with most brackets in China.
► Tongtian Avenue (Avenue toward Heaven)
Tongtian Avenue has 99 turns symbolizing that the Heaven has nine palaces. It is worth the title - wonder of highway in the world. Through Tongtian Avenue, one reaches directly the Tianti - celestial ladder. The grand celestial-like scene came into view.
► Tianmen Mountain Temple
Tianmen Mountain Temple was first built in the Tang Dynasty as a center of Buddhism in the area of western Hunan.The present Tian Men Mountain Temple is rebuilt on the basis of the original site with a plot area of more than 10,000 sqm. It adopts an official style of the Qing Dynasty and the buildings in the Temple compare well with the famous classical houses at home. The Temple is located in the mountain hollow with a broad vision. If one gazes into the southeast, all the hills seem to be so small that the Temple is really like an overlord.
► Tianmen Mountain Academy
Tianmen Mountain Academy was built in 1303, the seventh year of the Dade Period in Yuan Dynasty. It was destroyed in a battle in 1352. The present Academy is newly built on the original site. It is a cultural holy place of Mount Tianmen.
Tianzi Mountina Scenic Area
Tianzi Mountina Scenic Area
Located in the northwestern part of Wulingyuan Scenic Zone, Tianzi Mountain Nature Reserve boasts rocky peaks in grotesque shapes and shrouded in drifting mist. There are many scenic attractions, such as the lofty Imperial Writing Brush Peak, Fairy Maid Scattering Flowers, and the Mid-Air Farmers’ Cottage. The highest peak is 1,260 meters (4,130ft) above sea level and provides stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Waterfalls, bridges, stone forests and caves are found throughout the mountains. There are not just beautiful landscapes, but also simplicity, peculiar folk custom and local folk food of special flavor awaiting the arrival of visitors.
The landscape here varies in different seasons and also in one day, which makes Tianzi Mountain a very interesting destination. There are four highlights for the breathtaking sceneries: peak forest, cloud sea, sunrise and winter snow. Cloud and mist in Tianzi Mountain enjoys high reputation nationwide, especially just after the rain, which adds much charm to Tianzi Mountain.
Tianzi Mountain has four scenic wonders, namely Cloud Billows, Moon Brightness, Sun Glow and Winter Snow. The cloud billows are ever changing, morning and evening sun glows vast sky, moon shines in the still night, winter snow falls enchanting the scenery, like a lyric, like a landscape painting. Here in the Tianzi Mountain, scene majestic is in all its variety. There are five main scenic zones and over ten scenic spots in the Tianzi Mountain area. They include more than 80 natural platforms to take in the magnificent scenery. Highlights in Tianzishan: Helong Park, West Sea Stone Forests, Divine shrine and Immortal Bridge. 6 tourist areas have been built to accommodate visitors and they include more than 80 natural platforms to take in the magnificent scenery. Visitors can also reach the peaks of the mountain by cable car.